Earth’s Northernmost Perennial Spring Discovered: Ice River Spring

by Catherine Griffin

Scientists have made a discovery that could help with understanding a bit more about water circulation. They’ve found the highest latitude perennial spring known in the world, which could shed light on how deep groundwater circulation through the cryosphere occurs.


The northernmost perennial spring in the world is called the Ice River Spring, and is located on Ellesmere Island in Nunavut, Canadian High Arctic. This specific area is north of Otto Fiord in a mountainous region that’s underlain by carbonates of the Nansen Formation. In all, the spring discharges at a 300 meter elevation from colluvium on a south-facing mountain slope. This unnamed mountain rises about 800 meters above sea level.

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